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Book references and citations

Introduction Ellen District of Columbia in response to the Feb. 12, 2019 article A.I. Shows Promise Assisting Physicians Written by Cade Metz. Harris RE, Clauw DJ. How do we know that the pain in fibromyalgia is “real”? Curr Pain Headache Rep 2006;10(6):403–407. [PubMed: 17087863] Hanney SR, Castle-Clarke S, Grant J, et al. How long does biomedical research take? Studying the time taken between biomedical and health research and its translation into products, policy, and practice. Health Res Policy Syst. 2015; 13:1. Published 2015 Jan 1. doi:10.1186/1478-4505-13-1 Zoë Slote Morris, Steven Wooding, and Jonathan Grant, “The Answer Is 17 Years, What Is the Question: Understanding Time Lags in Translational Research,” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 104, no. 12 (December 2011): 510–20, Brummett CM, Urquhart AG, Hassett AL, et al. Characteristics of fibromyalgia independently predict poorer long-term analgesic outcomes following total knee and hip arthroplasty. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2015;67(5):1386-1394. doi:10.1002/art.39051 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “What is Fibromyalgia,” and The National Institutes of Health, “The Prevalence and Characteristics of Fibromyalgia…”

Chapter 1 – The “Buy-In” J Pain. 2009 August; 10(8): 777–791. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2009.06.001.Understanding Fibromyalgia: Lessons from the Broader Pain Research Community David A. Williams, Ph.D.1 and Daniel J. Clauw, M.D. Professor of Anesthesiology, Medicine, Psychiatry and Psychology Associate Director, Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center The University of Michigan Professor of Anesthesiology, Medicine and Psychiatry Associate Dean for Clinical and Translational Research Director, Chronic Pain and Fatigue Research Center The University of Michigan Gracely RH, Petzke F, Wolf JM, Clauw DJ. Functional MRI evidence of augmented pain processing in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46:1333-1343 Pubmed:12115241 Sluka KA, Clauw DJ. Neurobiology of fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain. Neuroscience. 2016; 338:114-129. doi:10.1016/j. neuroscience. 2016.06.006 Brummett, C. M., Urquhart, A. G., Hassett, A. L., Tsodikov, A., Hallstrom, B. R., Wood, N. I., Williams, D. A., & Clauw, D. J. (2015). Characteristics of fibromyalgia independently predict poorer long-term analgesic outcomes following total knee and hip arthroplasty. Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.), 67(5), 1386–1394. for online forms of the FIQR A possible neural mechanism for photosensitivity in chronic pain Melissa E. Martensona, Omar I. Halawab, Karen J. Tonsfeldta, Charlene A. Maxwell, Nora Hammacka, Scott D. Mistb, Mark E. Pennesid, Robert M. Bennett, Kim M. Mauerb, Kim D. Jones, and Mary M. Heinrichera, Department of Neurological Surgery, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR School of Nursing, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, ORChapter 2 -

Chapter 2 - Catastrophizing Theoretical Perspectives on the Relation Between Catastrophizing and Pain Sullivan, Michael J. L. Ph.D.; Thorn, Beverly Ph.D.; Haythornthwaite, Jennifer A. Ph.D.; Keefe, Francis Ph.D.; Martin, Michelle Ph.D.; Bradley, Laurence A. Ph.D.; Lefebvre, John C. Ph.D. The Clinical Journal of Pain: March 2001 - Volume 17 - Issue 1 - p 52-64 Michael J.LSullivan Wendy Rodgers b Irving Kirsch Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4J1, Canada Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA Received 18 July 2000, Accepted 13 September 2000, Available online 28 February 2001. Heyneman, N.E., Fremouw, W.J., Gano, D. et al. Individual differences and the effectiveness of different coping strategies for pain. Cogn Ther Res 14, 63–77 (1990). The Pain Catastrophizing Scale User Manual Copyright 1995, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2009Michael JL Sullivan, PhD Departments of Psychology, Medicine, and Neurology School of Physical and Occupational Therapy McGill University Montreal, QuebecH3A 1B1 Gracely, R. H., Geisser, M. E., Giesecke, T., et al. Pain catastrophizing and neural responses to pain among persons with fibromyalgia. Brain 2004, 127: 835 –

Chapter 3 – Diagnosis of Fibromyalgia 2012 Canadian Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of fibromyalgia syndrome: Executive summary National Fibromyalgia association Journal of Clinical Medicine Review Diagnostic Criteria for Fibromyalgia: Critical Review and Future Perspectives Carmen M. Galvez-Sánchez * and Gustavo A. Reyes del Paso Department of Psychology, University of Jaén, 23071 Jaén, Spain; Correspondence: Received: 13 March 2020; Accepted: 13 April 2020; Published: 23 April 2020 Furness, P. J., Vogt, K., Ashe, S., Taylor, S., Haywood-Small, S., & Lawson, K. (2018). What causes fibromyalgia? An online survey of patient perspectives. Health psychology open, 5(2), 2055102918802683. Wolfe F, Smythe HA, Yunus MB, et al. The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia. Report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee. Arthritis Rheum. 1990;33(2):160–72. Conversano C, Carmassi C, Bertelloni CA, et al. Potentially traumatic events, post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress spectrum in patients wi McAllister, T. W., Zafonte, R., Jain, S., Flashman, L. A., George, M. S., Grant, G. A., He, F., Lohr, J. B., Andaluz, N., Summerall, L., Paulus, M. P., Raman, R., & Stein, M. B. (2016). Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Methylphenidate or Galantamine for Persistent Emotional and Cognitive Symptoms Associated with PTSD and/or Traumatic Brain Injury. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 41(5), 1191–1198. fibromyalgia. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2019;37 Suppl 116(1):39-43 Bazzichi L, Giacomelli C, Consensi A, et al. One year in review 2020: fibromyalgia. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2020;38 Suppl 123(1):3-8.

Chapter 4 - Stress Lawal A, Kern M, Sidhu H, Hofmann C, Shaker R. Novel evidence for hypersensitivity of visceral sensory neural circuitry in irritable bowel syndrome patients. Gastroenterology. 2006;130(1):26-33. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.10.020 Madisch A, Andresen V, Enck P, Labenz J, Frieling T, Schemann M. The Diagnosis and Treatment of Functional Dyspepsia. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2018;115(13):222-232. doi:10.3238/arztebl.2018.0222 Dinis S, de Oliveira JT, Pinto R, Cruz F, Buffington CT, Dinis P. From bladder to systemic syndrome: concept and treatment evolution of interstitial cystitis. Int J Womens Health. 2015;7:735-744. Published 2015 Jul 23. doi:10.2147/IJWH.S60798 Jones KD, Maxwell C, Mist SD, King V, Denman MA, Gregory WT. Pelvic Floor and Urinary Distress in Women with Fibromyalgia. Pain Manag Nurs. 2015;16(6):834-840. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2015.06.001 Thomson S. Failed back surgery syndrome - definition, epidemiology and demographics. Br J Pain. 2013;7(1):56-59. doi:10.1177/2049463713479096 Mawson AR, Croft AM. Gulf War Illness: Unifying Hypothesis for a Continuing Health Problem. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16(1):111. Published 2019 Jan 3. doi:10.3390/ijerph16010111 Sluka KA, Clauw DJ. Neurobiology of fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain. Neuroscience. 2016;338:114-129. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.06.006 López-Solà M, Woo CW, Pujol J, et al. Towards a neurophysiological signature for fibromyalgia. Pain. 2017;158(1):34-47. doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000707

Chapter 5 – Connecting the Dots Roland van Rensburg, MBChB, Helgard Pieter Meyer, FCFP(SA), Sonia Anne Hitchcock, MPraxMed, Christian Edward Schuler, MMed (Psych), Screening for Adult ADHD in Patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome, Pain Medicine, Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2018, Pages 1825–1831, Young JL. Use of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in treatment of executive functioning deficits and chronic fatigue syndrome: a double blind, placebo-controlled study. Psychiatry Res. 2013;207(1-2):127-133. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2012.09.007

Chapter 7 - ADHD Katzman MA, Bilkey TS, Chokka PR, Fallu A, Klassen LJ. Adult ADHD and comorbid disorders: clinical implications of a dimensional approach. BMC Psychiatry. 2017;17(1):302. Published 2017 Aug 22. doi:10.1186/s12888-017-1463-3 Franke B, Michelini G, Asherson P, et al. Live fast, die young? A review on the developmental trajectories of ADHD across the lifespan. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2018;28(10):1059-1088. doi:10.1016/j.euroneuro.2018.08.001 Dalsgaard S, Østergaard SD, Leckman JF, Mortensen PB, Pedersen MG. Mortality in children, adolescents, and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a nationwide cohort study. Lancet. 2015;385(9983):2190-2196. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61684-6 Faraone SV, Larsson H. Genetics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Mol Psychiatry. 2019;24(4):562-575. doi:10.1038/s41380-018-0070-0 Book ADHD Grown Up- A Guide to Adolescent and Adult ADHD by Joel Young, MD Goodman DW, Surman CB, Scherer PB, Salinas GD, Brown JJ. Assessment of physician practices in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Prim Care Companion CNS Disord. 2012;14(4):PCC.11m01312. doi:10.4088/PCC.11m01312 WHO Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1)  Symptom Checklist - Adult Self-Report Scale-V1.1  Kessler, R.C., Adler, L., Ames, M., Demler, O., Faraone, S., Hiripi, E., Howes, M.J., Jin, R., Secnik, K., Spencer, T., Ustun, T.B., Walters, E.E. (2005). The World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS). Psychological Medicine, 35(2), 245-256 Young JL, Redmond JC. Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue, and adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in the adult: a case study. Psychopharmacology Bulletin. 2007 ;40(1):118-126. Biederman J, Monuteaux MC, Spencer T, Wilens TE, Faraone SV. Do stimulants protect against psychiatric disorders in youth with ADHD? A 10-year follow-up study. Pediatrics. 2009;124(1):71-78. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-3347 Derksen MT, Vreeling MJ, Tchetverikov I. High frequency of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among fibromyalgia patients in the Netherlands: should a systematic collaboration

Chapter 8 – Pediatrics and Fibromyalgia Gelfand AA. Infant Colic. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2016;23(1):79-82. doi:10.1016/j.spen.2015.08.003 PEREIRA JR, José Carlos; HALLINAN, Márcia Pradella  and  PESSOA, José Hugo de Lins.Excessively crying infants are more common among children of parents with restless legs syndrome. MedicalExpress (São Paulo, online) [online] Gelfand AA. Episodic Syndromes That May Be Associated with Migraine: A.K.A. "The Childhood Periodic Syndromes". Headache. 2015;55(10):1358-1364. doi:10.1111/head.12624 Trenkwalder C, Allen R, Högl B, Paulus W, Winkelmann J. Restless legs syndrome associated with major diseases: A systematic review and new concept. Neurology. 2016;86(14):1336-1343. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000002542 Garcia-Borreguero D, Stillman P, Benes H, et al. Algorithms for the diagnosis and treatment of restless legs syndrome in primary care. BMC Neurol. 2011;11:28. Published 2011 Feb 27. doi:10.1186/1471-2377-11-28 Tan ML, Liwanag MJ, Quak SH. Cyclical vomiting syndrome: Recognition, assessment and management. World J Clin Pediatr. 2014;3(3):54-58. Published 2014 Aug 8. doi:10.5409/wjcp.v3.i3.54 Garland EM, Celedonio JE, Raj SR. Postural Tachycardia Syndrome: Beyond Orthostatic Intolerance. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015;15(9):60. doi:10.1007/s11910-015-0583-8 Raj V, Opie M, Arnold AC. Cognitive and psychological issues in postural tachycardia syndrome. Auton Neurosci. 2018;215:46-55. doi:10.1016/j.autneu.2018.03.004 Okamoto LE, Raj SR, Peltier A, et al. Neurohumoral and haemodynamic profile in postural tachycardia and chronic fatigue syndromes. Clin Sci (Lond). 2012;122(4):183-192. doi:10.1042/CS20110200 Bagai K, Wakwe CI, Malow B, et al. Estimation of sleep disturbances using wrist actigraphy in patients with postural tachycardia syndrome. Auton Neurosci. 2013;177(2):260-265. doi:10.1016/j.autneu.2013.02.021 Fu Q, Levine BD. Exercise in the postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. Auton Neurosci. 2015;188:86-89. doi:10.1016/j.autneu.2014.11.008 Raj V, Haman KL, Raj SR, et al. Psychiatric profile and attention deficits in postural tachycardia syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009;80(3):339-344. doi:10.1136/jnnp.2008.144360 De Sanctis V, Abbasciano V, Soliman AT, et al. The juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome (JFMS): a poorly defined disorder. Acta Biomed. 2019;90(1):134-148. Published 2019 Jan 23. doi:10.23750/abm.v90i1.8141 Zhao S, Tran VH. Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS). In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020. Zemel L, Blier PR. Juvenile Fibromyalgia: A Primary Pain, or Pain Processing, Disorder. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2016;23(3):231-241. doi:10.1016/j.spen.2016.10.007 Arruda MA, Arruda R, Guidetti V, Bigal ME. ADHD Is Comorbid to Migraine in Childhood: A Population-Based Study. J Atten Disord. 2020;24(7):990‐1001. doi:10.1177/1087054717710767 ​

Chapter 9 - Treatment Bidonde J, Busch AJ, Schachter CL, et al. Aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017;6(6):CD012700. Published 2017 Jun 21. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012700 Ellingson LD, Stegner AJ, Schwabacher IJ, Koltyn KF, Cook DB. Exercise Strengthens Central Nervous System Modulation of Pain in Fibromyalgia. Brain Sci. 2016;6(1):8. Published 2016 Feb 26. doi:10.3390/brainsci6010008 Vincent A, Benzo RP, Whipple MO, McAllister SJ, Erwin PJ, Saligan LN. Beyond pain in fibromyalgia: insights into the symptom of fatigue. Arthritis Res Ther. 2013;15(6):221. doi:10.1186/ar4395 Wang C, Schmid CH, Fielding RA, et al. Effect of tai chi versus aerobic exercise for fibromyalgia: comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial. BMJ. 2018;360:k851. Published 2018 Mar 21. doi:10.1136/bmj.k851 Okifuji A, Gao J, Bokat C, Hare BD. Management of fibromyalgia syndrome in 2016. Pain Manag. 2016;6(4):383-400. doi:10.2217/pmt-2016-0006 ​

Chapter 11 – The Food Prescription Donaldson MS, Speight N, Loomis S. Fibromyalgia syndrome improved using a mostly raw vegetarian diet: an observational study. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2001;1:7. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-1-7. Gowans SE, deHueck A, Voss S, Richardson M: A randomized, controlled trial of exercise and education for individuals with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Care Res 1999, 12:120-128 Messier SP, Gutekunst DJ, Davis C, DeVita P. Weight loss reduces knee-joint loads in overweight and obese older adults with knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2005;52(7):2026-2032. doi:10.1002/art.21139 Anna C, Chelsea M C, Billy Z, Mary R C, Colleen M R. Whole-Foods, Plant-Based Diet Alleviates the Symptoms of Fibromyalgia. Nov Tech Arthritis Bone Res. 2017; 2(2) : 555584. DOI: . SJ Bartlett, S Haaz, P Wrobleski (2004) Small weight losses can yield significant improvements in knee OA symptoms. Arthritis and Rheu- matism 50(9): S658. “IndigenousBacteria from the Gut Microbiota Regulate Host Serotonin Biosynthesis,” Cell 161, no. 2 (April 9, 2015): 264–76,; Clarke et al., “Minireview.” D. Ornish et al., “Can Lifestyle Changes Reverse Coronary Heart Disease? The Lifestyle Heart Trial,” Lancet (London, England) 336, no. 8708 (July 21, 1990): 129–33, 6736(90)91656-u. “The Effects of Butyrate Enemas on Visceral Perception in Healthy Volunteers,” Neurogastroenterology and Motility: The Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society 21, no. 9 (September 2009): 952-e76 Mitsuro Chiba et al., “Lifestyle-Related Disease in Crohn’s Disease: Relapse Prevention by a Semi-Vegetarian Diet,” World Journal of Gastroenterology 16, no. 20 (May 28, 2010) Megan W. Bourassa et al., “Butyrate, Neuroepigenetics and the Gut Microbiome: Can a High Fiber Diet Improve Brain Health?” Neuroscience Letters 625 (20 2016): 56–63 Schrepf A, Harte SE, Miller N, et al. Improvement in the Spatial Distribution of Pain, Somatic Symptoms, and Depression After a Weight Loss Intervention. J Pain. 2017;18(12):1542-1550. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2017.08.004 kim Ms, Hwang ss, Park EJ, Bae JW. strict vegetarian diet improves the risk factors associated with metabolic diseases by modulating gut microbiota and reducing intestinal inflammation. Environ Microbiol Rep 2013;5:765–775 Esselstyn CB Jr. Resolving the coronary artery disease epidemic through plant-based nutrition. Prev Cardiol 2001;4:171–177 Ahmed SH, Guillem K, Vandaele Y. Sugar addiction: pushing the drug-sugar analogy to the limit. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2013;16(4):434-439. doi:10.1097/MCO.0b013e328361c8b8 Schulte EM, Avena NM, Gearhardt AN. Which foods may be addictive? The roles of processing, fat content, and glycemic load. PLoS One. 2015;10(2):e0117959. Published 2015 Feb 18. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117959 Hall KD, Ayuketah A, Brychta R, et al. Ultra-Processed Diets Cause Excess Calorie Intake and Weight Gain: An Inpatient Randomized Controlled Trial of Ad Libitum Food Intake [published correction appears in Cell Metab. 2019 Jul 2;30(1):226]. Cell Metab. 2019;30(1):67-77.e3. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2019.05.008 SHA Holt,JC Brand Miller, P petocz and E Farmakalidis. A satiety index of common foods. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition(1995)49,675-690 Byrne CS, Chambers ES, Alhabeeb H, et al. Increased colonic propionate reduces anticipatory reward responses in the human striatum to high-energy foods. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;104(1):5-14. doi:10.3945/ajcn.115.126706 Wright, N., Wilson, L., Smith, M. et al. The BROAD study: A randomised controlled trial using a whole-food plant-based diet in the community for obesity, ischaemic heart disease or diabetes. Nutr & Diabetes 7, e256 (2017). Fleming JP, Levy LD, Levitan RD. Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in severely obese women. Eat Weight Disord. 2005;10(1):e10-e13. doi:10.1007/BF03354661

Chapter 12 – Sleep and Fibromyalgia Aytekin E, Demir SE, Komut EA, et al. Chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and the relationship between sleep disorder and pain level, quality of life, and disability. J Phys Ther Sci. 2015;27(9):2951-2954. doi:10.1589/jpts.27.2951 Hoogwout SJ, Paananen MV, Smith AJ, et al. Musculoskeletal pain is associated with restless legs syndrome in young adults. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2015;16:294. Published 2015 Oct 14. doi:10.1186/s12891-015-0765-1 Viola-Saltzman M, Watson NF, Bogart A, Goldberg J, Buchwald D. High prevalence of restless legs syndrome among patients with fibromyalgia: a controlled cross-sectional study. J Clin Sleep Med. 2010;6(5):423-427.

Chapter 13 - Medications Welsch P, Üçeyler N, Klose P, Walitt B, Häuser W. Serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) for fibromyalgia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2018;2(2):CD010292. Published 2018 Feb 28. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010292.pub2 Clauw DJ. Fibromyalgia: A Clinical Review. JAMA. 2014;311(15):1547–1555. Wright CL, Mist SD, Ross RL, Jones KD. Duloxetine for the treatment of fibromyalgia. Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2010;6(5):745-756. doi:10.1586/eci.10.64

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